chapter 13 Amines Class 12 Chemistry Textbook Solution

3. Answer the following

vi. Explain Gabriel phthalimide synthesis.



i. Formation of Potassium Salt of Phthalimide:

  • Phthalimide can be transformed into the potassium salt of phthalimide through a reaction with alcoholic potassium hydroxide.

ii. Formation of N-Alkyl Phthalimide:

  • The potassium salt of phthalimide can undergo a reaction with an alkyl halide, resulting in the formation of N-alkyl phthalimide.

iii. Alkaline Hydrolysis to Primary Amine:

  • N-Alkyl phthalimide can be subjected to alkaline hydrolysis, leading to the formation of the corresponding primary amine.

13 Amines Class 12 Chemistry Textbook Solution page 297